is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very
dense, wear-resistant turf. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal
Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars
can be grown in the western part of the state as well. There are three major
species of zoysiagrass suitable for turf including Japanese lawngrass (Z.
japonica), mascarenegrass (Z. tenuifolia), and manilagrass (Z.
matrella). Zoysiagrass can often be confused with bermudagrass. However,
zoysiagrass has hairs standing upright on the leaf blade whereas bermudagrass
does not. Zoysiagrass is also stiff to the touch and offers more resistance
a spikelet, with seeds alternating along head
rolled in the bud
fringe of hairs, 0.008 inches (0.2 mm) long
Season / Life Cycle
Blade Tip Shape
hairy above with at least a few long hairs near base, leaf blade stiff
0.16 inches (2 - 4 mm) wide
with overlapping margins; sheath may have tuft of hairs at throat
to slightly flattened
Note: Still not
sure this is the right turfgrass? The Turf & Weed Identification
Decision Aid may help. Check the TurfFiles glossary for definitions
of unfamiliar terms.
Need help in selecting the best
turfgrass for your particular situation? The Turf/Cultivar Selection
Decision Aid will help you sort through the options which are available.
For more information on turfgrass/cultivar selection, establishing a new lawn,
caring for a new lawn, or renovating a lawn, see AG-69,
Carolina Lawns. For management information, check
Diseases Which May Affect This Turfgrass
© North Carolina State University. This information sheet was prepared
by Arthur H. Bruneau, Bridget R. Lassiter, Gail G. Wilkerson, Emily J.
Erickson, Casey Reynolds, Jenifer J. Reynolds, and Gregory S. Buol. Department
of Crop Science, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, North Carolina
State University. Prepared April 29, 2008. Available
on-line at www.turffiles.ncsu.edu. This publication was made possible through a
grant provided by the Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research &
Education (CENTERE) whose purpose is to support worthwhile projects that will
benefit both the private sector and the public, and protect the environment.