[Glechoma hederacea L.]
ivy is a perennial with creeping stems, which root at the node. It forms dense
patches and thrives in both sun and shade. The leaves are scalloped along the
margin, heavily veined and rough on the upper surface. Funnel-shaped blue to
violet flowers are found in clusters in leaf axils and occur in the spring.
Ground ivy is similar to henbit in some respects but roots at stem nodes
whereas henbit does not. Common mallow is also similar but has round stems and
prostrate, spreading; stems are square (four-sided) and root at
leaves vary in width, from more than 2 inches (50 mm) in
diameter at the base of the plant to less than 1/2 inch (13 mm) for newly
palmate; prominent veins
roots are fibrous, but ground ivy also spreads via creeping
stems that root at the node
bluish purple with reddish speckles
Note: Still not
sure this is the right weed? The Turf
& Weed Identification Decision Aid may help. Check the TurfFiles glossary for definitions
of unfamiliar terms.
surface drainage, aerating when needed, and watering infrequently will help
reduce ground ivy encroachment.
Repeat applications of two, three
or four way broadleaf herbicides offer fair control. Trifloxysulfuron
(Monument) provides excellent control if in bermudagrass or zoysiagrass.
Tolerant Turfs (1)
Range of Trial Efficacy Values, %
clopyralid & triclopyr**
be, bk, c, f, r, z
2,4-D & triclopyr*
bk, f, r
ba, be, bk, f, r, z
Banvel, Clarity, Vanquish
ba, bk, c, f, r, sa, z
Glyphosate Original, Roundup, Touchdown Pro**
For use only
by or under the supervision of a certified applicator, or by commercial
nursery, turf, and landscape personnel.
application to residential lawns.
No turfgrass in the database is
completely tolerant. Check label to see if chemical can be used at a reduced
rate or during the dormant season on your turfgrass.
excellent control (90 to 100%)
good control (80 to 90%)
fair control (70 to 80%)
Efficacy ratings are based on
herbicide trials performed by weed scientists at North Carolina State University between 1997 and 2007. The number of trials included in the efficacy ratings
is displayed in the next-to-last column. The higher this number, the more
confidence can be placed in the efficacy values. Trials may have involved
sequential applications of one or more chemical. Details of individual trials
(herbicide rates, dates of application, environmental conditions at time of
application, etc) can be viewed on the TurfFiles web site, through the Turf Weed Management
Efficacy ratings for chemicals
lacking trial data are from “Pest
Management Strategic Plan for Turfgrass in the Southern United States,”
summary of a workshop for turf experts from multiple universities held in Griffin, GA in October, 2004 and sponsored by the Southern Region Integrated Pest
Recommendations of specific
chemicals are based upon information on the manufacturer's label and
performance in a limited number of trials. Because environmental conditions
and methods of application may vary widely, performance of the chemical will
not always conform to the safety and pest control standards indicated by
experimental data. The order in which brand names are given is not an
indication of a recommendation or criticism.
Recommendations for the use of
agricultural chemicals are included in this publication as a convenience to
the reader. The use of brand names and any mention or listing of commercial
products or services does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University or discrimination against similar products or services not mentioned. Other
brand names may be labeled for use on turfgrasses. Individuals who use agricultural
chemicals are responsible for ensuring that the intended use complies with
current regulations and conforms to the product label. Be sure to obtain
current information about usage regulations and examine a current product
label before applying any chemical. For assistance, contact your county's
Cooperative Extension agent.
© North Carolina State University. This information sheet was prepared
by Fred Yelverton, Bridget R. Lassiter, Gail G. Wilkerson, Leon Warren, Travis Gannon, Jenifer J. Reynolds, and Gregory S. Buol. Department of Crop
Science, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences, North Carolina State
University. Prepared July 15, 2008. Available on-line at
www.turffiles.ncsu.edu. This publication was made possible through a grant
provided by the Center for Turfgrass Environmental Research & Education
(CENTERE) whose purpose is to support worthwhile projects that will benefit
both the private sector and the public, and protect the environment.