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Green Kyllinga

Description

Green kyllinga and false green kyllinga are very similar in appearance, and both are referred to as green kyllinga. Both species are native to Asia and are spreading rapidly in turfgrasses in the southern United States. Both are perennial species with well-developed rhizomes. Kyllingas tend to have a finer leaf texture be shorter growing than other sedges. They thrive under close mowing situations (inch or less) and are very prolific in areas that are poorly drained or frequently wet. These two species are mat-forming sedges and have been observed to take over turfgrasses in the southeastern United States. Green kyllinga is very difficult to control once the large mats form. The range of these two species is somewhat misleading because they are spreading rapidly. It is believed that spread of these two species may be due to a change in crabgrass control practices in recent years.

Cultural Control

Green kyllinga and false green kyllinga are both perennials that tend to thrive under close mowing (inch or less) and are very prolific in areas that are poorly drained or frequently wet. Green kyllinga is very difficult to control once the large mats tend to form.

Chemical Control

Herbicide and Formulation
Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft
Amount of Formulation per Acre
Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

Preemergence and Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

mesotrione, MOA 27 (Tenacity) 4 SC

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.092 to 0.183 fl oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

4 to 8 fl oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.125 to 0.25

Precaution and Remarks

Use on residential turf, golf courses (not greens) and sod farms for pre- and postemergence weed control. Tolerant turfgrasses include St. Augustinegrass, centipedegrass, tall fescue, fine fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, and perennial ryegrass. Add a nonionic surfactant and repeat application after 2 to 3 weeks for improved postemergence control. Tank mix with Barricade 65 WG for extended preemergence grassy weed control. Can be applied at seeding to all tolerant grasses except fine fescue. After turf germination, wait 4 weeks or until turf has been mowed twice before making a postemergence application. Also controls henbit, chickweed, dandelion, white clover, Florida betony, Florida pusley, ground ivy, oxalis, wild violet, creeping bentgrass, and yellow nutsedge.

Preemergence and Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

sulfentrazone + prodiamine, MOA 14 + 3 (Echelon 4 SC) 4 SC

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.184 to 0.826 fl oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

0.5 to 2.25 pt

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.25 to 1.125

Precaution and Remarks

For use in residential and institutional lawns, athletic fields, sod farms, golf course fairways and roughs, roadsides, utility right-of-ways, railways, and industrial areas. Apply to turf following a second mowing if a good root system has been established. Apply up to 12 fluid ounces per acre to bentgrass at 0.5 inches or higher, fine fescue, and perennial ryegrass. Apply 18 to 24 fluid ounces per acre to perennial bluegrass, tall fescue, and all warm season grasses except St. Augustinegrass (do not apply) and bermudagrass (apply 18 to 36 fluid ounces per acre). For sod production, apply 6 months after establishment, and do not harvest within 3 months. Do not apply with adjuvants or surfactants. Echelon should not be applied to cool-season turf with N-containing fertilizers unless some short-term discoloration is tolerable.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

thiencarbazone-methyl + iodosulfuron + dicamba, MOA 14 + 2 + 4 (Celsius WG) 68 WG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.057 to 0.113 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

2.5 to 4.9 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.106 to 0.208

Precaution and Remarks

For use by licensed applicators in residential and commercial lawns, golf courses (excluding greens), sports fields, parks, recreational areas, roadsides, school grounds, and sod farms. Provides up to 60 days residual control. Use on bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, and St Augustinegrass. Apply maximum 7.4 ounces per acre per season. Safe to use at high temperatures. Ryegrass can be overseeded 2 weeks after application. Apply 30 days prior to seeding bermudagrass or zoysiagrass. Wait 2 weeks after bermudagrass seedlling emergence or sprigging operation before applying. For zoysiagrass, wait 3 weeks after seedling emergence before applying. A nonionic surfactant or methylated seed oil at 0.25% v/v is required for optimum control.

Postemergence Control or Suppression of Summer Weeds Such as Crabgrass Species

Herbicide and Formulation

thiencarbazone + foramsulfuron + halosulfuron, MOA 14 + 2 + 2 (Tribute Total) 60.5 WG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.0735 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

3.2 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.121

Precaution and Remarks

Apply to well-established residential and commercial bermudagrass and zoysiagrass (Emerald, Meyer, Zeon) lawns, golf courses (excluding greens), athletic fields, sod farms, roadsides, parks, cemeteries and recreational areas. Do not exceed 3.2 ounces per acre per application or 6.4 ounces per acre yearly. Use 0.25 to 0.5% by volume nonionic surfactant or 0.5 to 1% by volume methylated seed oil. After application, wait 12 weeks to overseed ryegrass or bermudagrass. Wait 1 month after bermudagrass seedling emergence and 2 weeks after sprigging or sodding bermudagrass before treating. Temporary stunting and yellowing may last up to 2 weeks but turf will recover. Crabgrass and goosegrass are controlled up to 2 tiller stage.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

flazasulfuron, MOA 2 (Katana) 25 DG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.034 to 0.069 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

1.5 to 3 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.023 to 0.0469

Precaution and Remarks

For use on well established bermudagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass and seashore paspalum grown on nonresidential turf including golf course fairways, roughs and tees, and industrial parks, tank-sod- and seed farms, cemeteries, athletic field and commercial lawns. Apply a maximum of 1.5 ounces per acre on fully green centipedegrass and seashore paspalum. 3 ounces per acre needed for perennial nutsedge and some annual sedge species control. Repeat applications in 2 to 6 weeks when nutsedge or sedge growth is evident. 1.5 to 2.25 ounces per acre will control kyllinga species. Maintain a 25 feet nontreated border beside susceptible turf species. Can overseed in 2 weeks if applied up to 1.5 ounces per acre. Wait 4 weeks if applied more than 1.5 ounces per acre. Include a nonionic surfactant at 0.25% by volume.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

imazaquin, MOA 2 (Image 70 DG) 70 DG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.128 to 0.256 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

0.357 to 0.714 lb

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.25 to 0.5

Precaution and Remarks

Use on bermudagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, and zoysiagrass. Do not apply during spring greenup. Temporary yellowing may occur. Add a nonionic surfactant at 2 pt per 100 gal of spray solution. Addition of MSMA at 1.5 lb active per acre will improve sedge control in MSMA tolerant turfgrasses.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

halosulfuron, MOA 2 (Sedgehammer or Prosedge) 75 WDG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.9 g

Amount of Formulation per Acre

0.67 to 1.33 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.031 to 0.062

Precaution and Remarks

May be applied to established residential and commercial bermudagrass, bahiagrass, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, creeping bentgrass, Kentucky bluegrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue, and fine fescue. Apply broadcast when sedges have reached the 3- to 8-leaf stage. Use lower rate for light infestations and higher rate for heavy infestations. A second treatment will usually be required 6 to 10 weeks after the initial treatment. Use an 80% active nonionic surfactant at 2 quart per 100 gal of spray solution (0.5% by volume). Do not exceed 1 to 2 pint of surfactant per acre. Do not apply to putting greens. Sedgehammer and Prosedge only suppress green kyllinga.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

MSMA, MOA 17 (various brands)

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

Amount of Formulation per Acre

several concentrations

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

2 to 3

Precaution and Remarks

See remarks for MSMA above. Will require at least 2 applications 7 to 10 days apart.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

sulfosulfuron, MOA 2 (Certainty) 75 DG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.017 to 0.029 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

0.75 to 1.25 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.035 to 0.059

Precaution and Remarks

May be applied to certain ornamental native grasses and also bermudagrass species, zoysiagrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass, and kikuyugrass grown on sod farms, golf courses (excluding greens), commercial and residential turf that is highly managed, and other noncrop areas. Use 0.75 to 1.25 ounces per acre, and repeat in 4 to 10 weeks if needed. Use a nonionic surfactant at 0.25% by volume.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

trifloxysulfuron, MOA 2 (Monument 75 WG) 75 WG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.0023 to 0.0129 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

0.1 to 0.56 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.0047 to 0.0263

Precaution and Remarks

May be applied to residential bermudagrass and zoysiagrass and also on golf courses, sod farms, and other nonresidential turf areas. A nonionic surfactant at 0.25 to 0.5% by volume is recommended. Temporary discoloration may occur if used with MSO or COC. Use rates of 0.33 to 0.56 ounces per acre for sedge and kyllinga species control. Labeled turf species can be seeded or sprigged into treated areas 4 weeks after application. Repeat application may be needed in 4 to 6 weeks.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

sulfentrazone, MOA 14 (Dismiss) 4 SC

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.092 to 0.275 fl oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

0.25 to 0.75 pt

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.125 to 0.375

Precaution and Remarks

May be applied to home lawns. For use on creeping bentgrass, tall and fine fescue, perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and all warm-season turf species except St. Augustinegrass. Wait 3 months to seed, overseed, or sprig unless overseeding bermudagrass with perennial ryegrass, which only requires a 4- to 6-week waiting period after application. Apply to seedling grasses after second mowing and to new sod 6 months after establishment.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

sulfentrazone + imazethapyr, MOA 14 + 2 (Dismiss South) 4 SC

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.22 to 0.33 fl oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

9.5 to 14.4 fl oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.29 to 0.45

Precaution and Remarks

May be applied to home lawns, athletic fields, sod farms, golf course fairways and roughs, and various non-crop sites. For use on bahiagrass, bermudagrass, centipedegrass, and zoysiagrass. Do not apply to soils classified as sand with less than 1% organic matter. Do not reseed, overseed, or sprig within 1 month of application. Expect slight perennial ryegrass injury if overseeded 2 to 4 weeks after application. Allow 3 month sod establishment before treatment.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

sulfentrazone + metsulfuron, MOA 14 + 2 (Blindside) 66 WG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.075 to 0.23 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

3.25 to 10 oz

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.134 to 0.413

Precaution and Remarks

May be applied to established residential, commercial and institutional lawns, athletic fields, sod farms, and golf course fairways and roughs. Use up to 6.5 ounces per acre on Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue and 10 ounces per acre on bermudagrass, centipedegrass, St Augustinegrass and zoysiagrass. Do not reseed, overseed, or sprig within 1 month of application. Expect slight perennial ryegrass injury if overseeded 6 to 8 weeks after application. Allow 3 months sod establishment before treatment. No adjuvant needed.

Postemergence Control

Herbicide and Formulation

imazapic, MOA 2 (Plateau DG) 70 DG

Amount of Formulation per 1,000 sq ft

0.032 to 0.066 oz

Amount of Formulation per Acre

1.43 to 2.86 oz (1 to 2 water soluble packs)

Pounds Active Ingredient per Acre

0.063 to 0.125

Precaution and Remarks

For use on centipedegrass only when grown as fine turf in nonresidential areas such as commercial and industrial turf, golf courses, and other recreational areas. Not for use in home lawns. Do not use on other turfgrass species. See label for mixing instructions of water soluble packs. A repeat application may be needed on tough to control perennial weeds such as bahiagrass. The highest labeled rate may discolor centipedegrass by causing a red color.

Presentations

Publications

Species Data

Growth Season/Life Cycle

perennial weed

Seed Arrangement on Spikes

tightly bunched

Seedhead Spikelet Shape

round

p1130874 greenkyllinga
p1130874 greenkyllinga
p1130874 greenkyllinga
Tuber Type

none