8/26/14 Fall armyworms - they are as bad this year as I have seen in the past 20 years. If you are not seeing them it is probably because you are not looking. See our previous alert on this pest. - Rick Brandenburg
8/14/14 ALERT Fall Armyworm
Fertilize your tall fescue lawn according to soil test
recommendations in mid-September. Overseed bare, thin areas in tall fescue as
the weather cools. September is the optimum time to seed tall fescue. DO NOT
fertilize St. Augustinegrass at this time. DO NOT apply nitrogen to zoysiagrass
at this time. Continue to water to prevent drought stress while the grass is
actively growing. Now is the time to prevent large patch disease in
centipedegrass, zoysiagrass, and St. Augustinegrass. A preventative fungicide
application should be made when average air temperatures dip to 70F. Monitor
for the presence of caterpillars such as armyworms and cutworms. Monitor St.
Augustinegrass for chinch bugs. Refer to the turf specific maintenance
calendars for detailed information.
Maintenance calendars provide suggested management practices to assist you in seasonal
care of home lawns and athletic fields grown in North Carolina. Location, terrain,
soil type and condition, age of turf, previous management, and other factors affect
turf performance. For these reasons, the management practices and dates found in
the following maintenance calendars should be adjusted to suit your particular turf
Both warm and cool season turfgrasses are grown in North Carolina. Knowing turfgrass
growth characteristics and use recommendations is important for maintaining a healthy
turfgrass system and minimizing management requirements. Following is a list of
turfgrasses commonly grown in North Carolina.
There are over 100 diseases that affect North Carolina turfgrasses. Fortunately,
there are only about 18 tufgrass diseases that develop year after year. Following
is a list of the most common diseases that affect North Carolina turfgrasses.
Many insects live in or on turf. Some damage turfgrasses by feeding on roots, leaves
and stems while others disturb roots by making burrows. Below is a list of the major
insects which damage turfgrasses in North Carolina.
Pests that are not insects, diseases, or weeds are included in the catch-all category
of "Other Pests" on TurfFiles.
Weeds by definition are any plant(s) that grow where not intended. Whereas some
grass species are classified as both turfgrasses and weeds, all broadleaves and
sedges are considered weeds within any successful turfgrass program. Following is
a list of common weeds found in North Carolina turfgrassess.
Brown patch, caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani, is the most common disease in tall fescue during late spring and throughout the summer months in North Carolina.
A very familiar turfgrass disease, dollar spot, has begun it’s assault across much of North Carolina.
Update on an earlier Alert I wrote that green-up of our warm-season grasses was late in 2014. At that time we thought winter injury may not be too bad. Unfortunately that has not been the case.
With soil temperatures starting to approach 70°F across portions of NC, now is the time to start thinking about treating for large patch.
(Image: Average Daily Soil Temperatures as of 9/18/12 via NC State Climate Office)
ALERT Large Patch Attacks Again!
The District Director changes will take effect January 1, 2012. Changes to 4-H District Activity Days and volunteer districts such as Master Gardeners and ECA will take place later in 2012.
Once again this winter NC State University, in cooperation with TCNC, will be offering our 13th Annual Turfgrass Short Course.
Date: Jan. 12-16, 2008Location: McKimmon Center, Raleigh NCDownloads: Brochure with Registration Form
Buy Sod/Tryon farm is seeking individual to fill fulltime year round farm supervisor position.
Old Chatham Golf Club was founded in 2001 and designed by Rees Jones. It has a small invitation only private membership. The club sits on 400 acres, of which approximately 130 acres is turf and another 80 acres are maintained natural areas. Greens are Champion Bermudagrass. Tees, fairways and rough are primarily 419 Bermudagrass and Zoysia. Old Chatham went through a redesign in the summer of 2012. The redesign included wide scale installation of native grasses, converting the greens from bentgrass to an ultradwarf bermudagrass, reshaping of greens and the addition of multiple strategically placed bunkers, among other things.
Assistant in training job responsibilities include but aren’t limited to: course set up, pesticide and fertilizer calibrating and applications, irrigation troubleshooting / repair, as well as small project management and limited staff supervisory roles. Employment benefits will include health and dental insurance, uniforms, lunch and limited golf privileges, paid annual vacation, 5 days of sick leave, membership dues paid for professional organizations and expenses involved in attending local education seminars as approved. The applicant selected will be paid $13-15 per hour. Applicant requirements include a turf management or related degree, a NC Pesticide Applicators License or the ability to obtain one within 6 months of hire. The preferred candidate should be eager to learn, work well in team environments, be self motivated, pay close attention to detail, be honest, and have good communication skills. Interested parties should email resumes to Matt Jones, Senior Assistant Superintendent, at firstname.lastname@example.org. This position will be open until filled. EOE
The University of Colorado Athletic Department is looking for an intern to assist with athletic field maintenance for the summer of 2013. This position will work irregular hours and a significant amount of overtime, including evenings and weekends. This internship can start as early as mid-March and last through September. A background in athletic field management is highly desirable.
This position will assist in maintaining the natural grass of Folsom Field, football practice fields (including a rubber in-fill synthetic field), soccer and track facilities, as well as other facilities managed by the Athletic Department. Duties also include preparing for special events (graduation, concerts, etc.), camps on fields and in facilities, and hands on experience involving all aspects of athletic field maintenance.
Interested parties should submit a cover letter and resume via fax 303.492.7688, email (email@example.com), or mail prior to January 25, 2013. Interviews will be conducted during the STMA conference by contacting Ryan Newman at 303.901.6007. An additional application process may be required. The University of Colorado at Boulder is committed to diversity and equality in education and employment.
For further assistance or questions contact:
Jason DePaepe, CSFM
Athletic Field Manager
University of Colorado Athletic Department
Boulder, CO 80309
Carbon Storage - As plants photosynthesize and grow, they take up molecules of carbon dioxide gas. The carbon and oxygen atoms that make up carbon dioxide are used to build the many parts of all plant cells. In this way, carbon is taken out of the atmosphere and accumulated in plant systems. This carbon storage (sequestration) involves leaves, stems, and roots of all plants, trunks
of trees, and the soil when dead plant parts are deposited there.
In home landscapes, trees and turfgrasses are two types of plants that may store significant amounts of carbon. This calculation tool will use measurements that you make in your yard to estimate the total amount of carbon being stored.
Estimates in the calculator are based on averages of data that are currently available. Scientists and industry are continuing to assess carbon release and storage processes, so calculations of carbon footprints may become more precise in the future. Many factors influence the exact amount of carbon that is taken up by a plant. Some tree species, for example, inherently grow and accumulate carbon faster than others. Turfgrass tends to accumulate carbon more quickly when it is first planted than when it is well-established. And of course, plants that are healthy and growing will store more carbon than those that are not.
Carbon Emissions - When fossil fuels are burned, the carbon stored in them is converted into carbon dioxide gas that is released, or emitted, into the atmosphere. This calculation tool will ask questions about your family’s lawn maintenance practices and automobile driving to make estimates of carbon emissions that you can compare with the amount of carbon storage.
Also, available as a free iPhone app: NCSU Lawn Care iPhone App
Proper application of pesticides and fertilizers is possible only with a sprayer or spreader that is accurately calibrated. When equipment is not correctly calibrated, it is easy to apply too little or too much pesticide and fertilizer. That may result in a lack of pest control, damaged turf, excess cost, and contamination of the environment.
Calibration is the process of measuring and adjusting the output of application equipment in order to apply the correct amount of material uniformly over a given area. Although this publication focuses on boom sprayers and granular spreaders used on turfgrass, the calibration principles are the same regardless of the type of equipment used. Sprayers and spreaders should be calibrated at first use and after every fourth application. The time it takes to calibrate application equipment is returned manyfold.
This guide is available as a PDF file. Click here to view.
REVISED for 2009. Lawns are smooth, living carpets that add beauty and recreational space to you home. The benefits of a healthy lawn go beyond the obvious. As your grass grows, it is working to help the environment by stabilizing soil and reducing air pollution, noise, heat, dust, and glare. Surveys show that an attractive, well-landscaped lawn can even add to the value of your home. To reap the rewards of a handsome lawn, take great care in the selection, establishment, maintenance, and renovation of your lawn grass. With proper choices, a durable lawn will grow with minimal maintenance and pesticides use.
This comprehensive guide reviews the use of turfgrass in North Carolina and provides information on commonly found turfgrass pests.
The North Carolina Agricultural Chemicals Manual provides Extension personnel, researchers, and other professional agricultural workers, dealers, applicators, distributors, formulators, and manufacturers with the most up-to-date information available on the selection, application, and safe and proper use of agricultural chemicals.
People who practice organic lawn care can be proud of their efforts to recycle resources by composting yard waste and using other available waste products in their lawns. An organic lawn can provide all of the benefits of a healthy lawn without the use of synthetic chemicals. Establishing a healthy stand of grass is the best way to defend against pests. Many problems with weeds, diseases, and insects can be prevented or minimized by good planning and careful management.
Pest Control for Professional Turfgrass Managers supplies up-to-date information on pesticides used to control pests in turfgrasses. The tables in this book supplement information available in other NC State Extension publications. The Turfgrass Pest Management Manual, AG-348, provides information that will help the reader to identify major turfgrasses and turfgrass pests, and better understand their lifecycles, symptoms, and biology. And while pollution of surface and groundwater supplies from turfgrass pesticide application is uncommon, the turf manager can use Pesticide Selection and Water Quality for the Professional Turfgrass Manager, AG-629, when selecting the best pesticide for a site.