Turfgrass Selection

The grass will be used for:

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Overview
Grass name Description
Bahiagrass A warm-season species that spreads by rhizomes, and is easily recognized by its characteristic "Y-shaped" seedhead. It exhibits low overall quality because of its light color, coarse texture, and open canopy. Due to its rapid lateral spread via aggressive rhizome production it is primarily used in areas where erosion control and immediate ground cover are the main concern.
Bermudagrass Most commonly found on golf courses, athletic fields, and home lawns. Desirable characteristics include the spreading growth habit, good wear tolerance, and good to high overall quality. Cultivar selection should depend on establishment method desired (seed or vegetative) and maintenance requirements.
Centipedegrass Has been dubbed "the lazy man's grass" due to its minimal maintenance requirements. Although it does not possess the quality of other warm-season grasses like bermudagrass and zoysiagrass, it is very easy to maintain and is most commonly planted on home lawns, utility turf, and roadsides.
Creeping Bentgrass Creeping bentgrass is a cool-season species that spreads by stolons and is able to tolerate very close mowing heights. It is best adapted for use on putting greens all over the state, but can also be grown on fairways and tee boxes in the coolest regions of the mountains. It is not well-suited for home lawns.
Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Can be planted in home lawns in the mountain region of North Carolina where excessive shade may be a concern. This mixture combines the rhizomatous growth habit of Kentucky bluegrass with the shade tolerance of fine fescue.
Kentucky Bluegrass A cool-season species that spreads by rhizomes. It is best adapted to the mountain region of North Carolina, and its ability to spread from its rhizomatous growth habit makes it ideal for use on athletic fields.
St. Augustinegrass A warm-season species that spreads by stolons. It has very coarse texture, an open canopy, and is most commonly found in coastal areas due to its preference for warm climates and sandy soils. It is used for home lawns and utility turf, but its lack of cold tolerance restricts its use primarily to the coastal plain.
Tall Fescue The most heat and drought tolerant of any of the cool-season grasses. It performs well in the mountains and piedmont region of North Carolina and can be planted as a monostand or combined with Kentucky bluegrass and/or fine fescue.
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix Often planted in home lawns to combine the heat/drought tolerance of tall fescue with the recuperative potential of Kentucky bluegrass. TF/KBG mixtures are typically planted at ratios of 90%TF:10%KBG by weight. This is due to the fact that KBG seeds are much smaller than TF seeds, thus giving a higher number of seeds per lb. In fact, A 90%TF and 10%KBG mixture by weight actually results in a plant population ratio of 1:1. This results in a lawn that is more likely to recover from stresses like disease, heat, and drought.
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Combines the heat and drought tolerance of tall fescue with the rhizomatous growth habit of Kentucky bluegrass and the shade tolerance of fine fescue. This mixture typically consists of at least 90%TF by weight with the remaining 10% being comprised of KBG and FF. This is because KBG and FF seed are much smaller than TF seed resulting in more actual seeds per lb. This means you need a higher percentage of TF by weight to achieve the proper plant poplulations in the mixture. Mixtures such as this result in a diverse turfgrass stand that may be more tolerant to summer stresses than any of the grasses planted alone.
Zoysiagrass A warm-season species that spreads by rhizomes and stolons. It exhibits high quality when properly maintained and is primarily used on home lawns. Due to its good shade tolerance, it can also be used in areas where excessive shade limits bermudagrass growth.
Adaptation and Appearance
Grass name Shade Heat Cold Drought Durability Color Texture
Bahiagrass Tolerant Tolerant Not tolerant Very tolerant High Medium Coarse
Bermudagrass Not tolerant Tolerant Not tolerant Very tolerant Very high Medium Medium
Centipedegrass Tolerant Tolerant Not tolerant Tolerant Low Light Coarse
Creeping Bentgrass Tolerant Not tolerant Tolerant Not tolerant High Medium Fine
Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Tolerant Somewhat tolerant Tolerant Tolerant Moderate Medium Medium
Kentucky Bluegrass Tolerant Somewhat tolerant Tolerant Tolerant High Medium Medium
St. Augustinegrass Tolerant Tolerant Not tolerant Tolerant Low Medium Coarse
Tall Fescue Tolerant Tolerant Tolerant Tolerant High Medium Coarse
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix Tolerant Tolerant Tolerant Tolerant High Medium Coarse
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Tolerant Tolerant Tolerant Tolerant High Medium Coarse
Zoysiagrass Tolerant Tolerant Somewhat tolerant Very tolerant High Medium Medium
Planting
Grass name Planting Date Seeds (LB PER 1K SQ FT) SPACE PLANTING (BUSHELS PER 1K SQ FT) BROADCASTING (BUSHELS PER 1K SQ FT)
Bahiagrass March to June N/A N/A
Bermudagrass April to July 0.75 3 to 10
Centipedegrass March to July 1 to 2 N/A
Creeping Bentgrass September to October N/A N/A
Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix August to September N/A N/A
Kentucky Bluegrass August to September N/A N/A
St. Augustinegrass April to July 1 N/A
Tall Fescue September N/A N/A
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix September N/A N/A
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix August to September N/A N/A
Zoysiagrass March to July 1 to 2 3 to 10
Maintenance
Grass name Preferred Season Establishment Rate Cutting Height (in.) Fertilizer (LB N/1000 SQ FT/YR) Mowing Frequency
Bahiagrass Warm Moderate 2 to 3 1 Frequent
Bermudagrass Warm Moderate 0.75 to 1 4.5 Occassional
Centipedegrass Warm Slow 1 0.5 Infrequent
Creeping Bentgrass Cool Moderate 0.125 to 0.5 4 to 8 Occassional
Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Cool Moderate 1.5 to 2.5 2.5 to 3 Occassional
Kentucky Bluegrass Cool Moderate 1.5 to 2.5 2.5 to 3 Occassional
St. Augustinegrass Warm Moderate 2 to 3 2.5 Occassional
Tall Fescue Cool Fast 2.5 to 3.5 2.5 to 3 Frequent
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix Cool Fast 2.5 to 3.5 2.5 to 3 Frequent
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Cool Fast 2.5 to 3.5 2.5 to 3 Frequent
Zoysiagrass Warm Slow 0.75 to 1 1.5 Infrequent
Seasonal Images
Grass Name Spring Summer Fall Winter
Bahiagrass Image unavailable Bahiagrass in Summer Image unavailable Image unavailable
Bermudagrass Bermudagrass in Spring Bermudagrass in Summer Bermudagrass in Fall Bermudagrass in Winter
Centipedegrass Centipedegrass in Spring Centipedegrass in Summer Centipedegrass in Fall Centipedegrass in Winter
Creeping Bentgrass Creeping Bentgrass in Spring Creeping Bentgrass in Summer Creeping Bentgrass in Fall Creeping Bentgrass in Winter
Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Image unavailable Image unavailable Image unavailable Image unavailable
Kentucky Bluegrass Kentucky Bluegrass in Spring Image unavailable Kentucky Bluegrass in Fall Image unavailable
St. Augustinegrass St. Augustinegrass in Spring Image unavailable Image unavailable St. Augustinegrass in Winter
Tall Fescue Tall Fescue in Spring Tall Fescue in Summer Tall Fescue in Fall Tall Fescue in Winter
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix in Spring Image unavailable Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass Mix in Fall Image unavailable
Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix Tall Fescue / Kentucky Bluegrass / Fine Fescue Mix in Spring Image unavailable Image unavailable Image unavailable
Zoysiagrass Zoysiagrass in Spring Zoysiagrass in Summer Zoysiagrass in Fall Zoysiagrass in Winter