Zoysiagrass is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. There are three major species of zoysiagrass suitable for turf including Japanese lawngrass (Z. japonica), mascarenegrass (Z. tenuifolia), and manilagrass (Z. matrella). Zoysiagrass can often be confused with bermudagrass. However, zoysiagrass has hairs standing upright on the leaf blade whereas bermudagrass does not. Zoysiagrass is also stiff to the touch and offers more resistance than bermudagrass.
lawn Maintenance for December - February
Do not fertilize.
Dormant zoysiagrass may need to be irrigated periodically to prevent desiccation especially when warm, windy weather prevails.
Follow the March-May mowing guidelines. Zoysiagrass need not be mowed when dormant.
Apply broadleaf herbicides as necessary to control chickweed, henbit, and hop clover. Selective herbicides can be applied in November or December to control annual bluegrass (Poa annua) and several annual broadleaf weeds. Apply postemergence herbicides only when weeds are present.
seedhead a spikelet, with seeds alternating along head
leaves rolled in the bud
short fringe of hairs, 0.008 inches (0.2 mm) long
Growth Season/Life Cycle
warm season turf
Leaf blade tip shape
sharp-pointed; hairy above with at least a few long hairs near base, leaf blade stiff
Leaf blade width
0.08 - 0.16 inches (2 - 4 mm) wide
continuous; edges hairy
split with overlapping margins; sheath may have tuft of hairs at throat