Broomsedge is a perennial weed frequently found in fields, along roadsides, and in openings to forests and pastures. It can be distinguished from other grasses by the flattened leaf sheaths which have obvious leaf hairs. Leaves with folded vernation arise from a basal crown. Immature plants are bluish-green, however mature leaves turn light brown and appear to be dry. These upright leaves remain standing throughout the year.
Perennial grass weeds are not desirable as turfgrass species under any conditions. Therefore, every effort should be made to prevent these weedy grasses from becoming established in turf, as selective control measures are usually difficult. Selection of adapted turfgrass species and cultivars and the use of cultural practices are important in minimizing weedy grass encroachment and competition. Management practices include (1) mowing at the recommended height for the selected turfgrass and removing clippings when seedheads of grassy weeds are present; (2) applying the proper amount of nitrogen at the correct time according to the turfgrass present; and (3) using soil tests to determine needed nutrients and lime.
spikelets are in racemes of groups of 2-4
leaves folded in the bud
membranous; sharp pointed to collar-like, hairs along edge, no hairs on back of ligule
Growth Season/Life Cycle
Leaf blade tip shape
sharp-pointed; flat, hairy near base above, smooth to rough below, edges rough and with hairs
Leaf blade width
0.1 - 0.28 inches (3 - 7 mm) wide
divided; mostly hairy on edges
split with overlapping margins; sheath has long hairs on edges
very flattened, sharply creased