Zoysiagrass

Description

Zoysiagrass is a warm-season grass that spreads by rhizomes and stolons to produce a very dense, wear-resistant turf. It is best adapted to the Piedmont and Coastal Plain regions of North Carolina, but some of the more cold tolerant cultivars can be grown in the western part of the state as well. There are three major species of zoysiagrass suitable for turf: Japanese lawngrass (Z. japonica), mascarenegrass (Z. tenuifolia), and manilagrass (Z. matrella). Zoysiagrass can often be confused with bermudagrass. However, zoysiagrass has hairs standing upright on the leaf blade whereas bermudagrass does not. Zoysiagrass is also stiff to the touch and offers more resistance than bermudagrass.

Lawn Maintenance

Species Data

  • SEEDHEAD / FLOWER
    • seedhead a spikelet, with seeds alternating along head
      ​Figure 1
  • VERNATION TYPE
  • LIGULE TYPE
  • GROWTH SEASON / LIFE CYCLE
    • warm season turf
  • AURICLE TYPE
  • LEAF BLADE TIP SHAPE
    • sharp-pointed; hairy above with at least a few long hairs near base, leaf blade stiff
      Figure 10
  • LEAF BLADE WIDTH
    • 0.08 - 0.16 inches (2 - 4 mm) wide
  • STOLON PRESENCE
  • RHIZOME PRESENCE
    • present
  • COLLAR TYPE
  • SHEATH MARGIN
    • split with overlapping margins; sheath may have tuft of hairs at throat
      Figure 15, Figure 16
Zoysiagrass seedhead.
Zoysiagrass vernation rolled.
Zoysiagrass vernation.
Zoysiagrass vernation.
Zoysiagrass vernation.
Zoysiagrass ligule short hairs.
Zoysiagrass hairy ligule.
Zoysiagrass auricle.
Zoysiagrass Auricle
Zoysiagrass leaf blade.
Zoysiagrass stolon.
Zoysiagrass stolon.
Zoysiagrass collar.
Zoysiagrass collar.
Zoysiagrass sheath.
Zoysiagrass sheath.