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NC State Extension


Turfgrass is the most widely-grown ornamental crop in the southern United States. Of the two million acres of turfgrass grown in North Carolina, single family homes account for about 60%, with acreage concentrated in the population centers of the state. Turfgrass is also used on sod farms, athletic fields, roadsides, golf courses, and parkland, and around schools, churches, and commercial buildings.

North Carolina sits in the transition zone for cool- and warm-season turfgrasses. Cool-season turf species are those that have optimum growth at temperatures between 60 and 75°F, whereas warm-season turfgrasses have optimum growth between 80 and 95°F. By far the most commonly-grown species in North Carolina is the cool-season grass tall fescue, followed by warm-season bermudagrass. In addition to tall fescue, the cool-season grasses include creeping bentgrass, fine fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, annual ryegrass, and perennial ryegrass. Warm-season grasses include bahiagrass, carpetgrass, centipedegrass, St. Augustinegrass , and zoysiagrass, in addition to bermudagrass.

Each of the following turfgrass factsheets include detailed species data, cultural and chemical control recommendations and pictures to aid in identification.

Warm-Season Grasses

Cool-Season Grasses